What is a Tense? Ask a teacher or learner to list the different tenses in English, and most will come up with something like this: present simple, present progressive, present perfect, past simple, past progressive, past perfect, future simple, future perfect, future continuous. For each grammatical tense, there are subcategories called aspects. Aspect refers to the duration of an event within a particular tense. In other words, the aspect. Tense and Aspect The Teacher's Grammar of English – Ron CownPrepared by: Rahma Kaffa Mostafa Omarakly O.


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It refers to events occurring in the past and extending to the present, as in Tem feito muito frio este inverno "It's been very cold this winter and still is ". Estou escrevendo uma carta "I tenses and aspects writing a letter".

Tense–aspect–mood - Wikipedia

Spanish verbs Spanish morphologically distinguishes the indicative, imperative, subjunctive, and conditional moods. The past can be viewed from any given time perspective by using conjugated "to have" tenses and aspects any of its synthetic forms plus the past participle.

Spanish expresses the progressive similarly to English, Italian, and Portuguese, using the verb "to be" plus the present participle: A subjunctive mood form is sometimes present.

English also has a compound construction for continuous aspect. German verbs The most common past tense construction in German is the haben "to have" plus past tenses and aspects or for intransitive verbs of motion, tenses and aspects sein "to be" plus past participle form, which is a pure past construction rather than conveying perfect aspect.

The past progressive is conveyed tenses and aspects the simple past form. The future can be conveyed by the auxiliary werden, which is conjugated for person and number; but often the simple non-past form is used to convey the future.

Modality is conveyed via conjugated pre-verbal modals: Futurity is usually expressed with the simple non-past form, but the auxiliary modals vil "want" and skal "must"—obligation are sometimes used see Future tense Danish. The subjunctive mood form tenses and aspects disappeared except for a few stock phrases.

What do Tense and Aspect Really Mean? - Eurocentres Blog Eurocentres Blog

Dutch verbs The simple non-past form can convey the progressive, which tenses and aspects also be expressed by the infinitive preceded by liggen "lie", lopen "walk, run", staan "stand", or zitten "sit" plus te. The compound "have" or "be" before intransitive verbs of motion toward a specific destination plus past participle tenses and aspects synonymous with, and more frequently used than, the simple past form, which is used especially for narrating a past sequence of events.

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  • Tense versus Aspect in TEFL -

Tenses and aspects past perfect construction is analogous to that in English. Futurity is often expressed with the simple non-past form, but can also be expressed using the infinitive preceded by the conjugated present tense of zullen; the tenses and aspects form can also be used for probabilistic modality in the present.

Futurity can also be expressed with "go" plus the infinitive: Zij zullen naar Breda gegaan zijn "They will have gone to Breda".


The conditional mood construction uses the conjugated past tense of zullen: In contemporary use the subjunctive form is mostly, but not completely, confined to set phrases tenses and aspects semi-fixed expressions, though in older Dutch texts the use of the subjunctive form can be encountered frequently.

There are various conjugated modal auxiliaries: Unlike in English, these modals can be combined with the future tense form: Compound constructions that look to the past from a given time perspective use conjugated "to have" or "to be" for intransitive verbs of motion plus past participle.

In each voice there are forms for the indicative mood and the subjunctive mood for each of the simple past, the simple non-past, the perfect, the past perfect, the future, tenses and aspects the future perfect, and there are a non-past conditional mood form and a past conditional mood form, as well as an imperative mood.

Tense and Aspect @ The Internet Grammar of English

The perfect form is used for a past event with reference to the present or stretching to the present, or for a past event about which there is doubt, so the tenses and aspects form represents aspect or modality and not tense.

The future tense form is seldom used.


The non-past subjunctive form expresses a wish or command; the past subjunctive form expresses possibility. The indicative mood form is used in both clauses of tenses and aspects [possible situation] The subjunctive form is used in both clauses of "if [imaginary situation] There are various modal auxiliary verbs.

There is a progressive construction using "to be" which is used only for abstract concepts like "learn" and not for activities like "sit": English verbs The English language allows a wide variety of expressions of combinations of tense, aspect, and mood, with a variety of tenses and aspects constructions.