CHAPTER 5 THE POST-GUPTA PERIOD c A.D.— A.D. The decline of the Gupta dynasty a little after the fifth century A.D. triggered a process of political fragmentation in the whole subcontinent. Feudatories and subjugated powers declared their independence and made way for emergence of small kingdoms. The post-Gupta era is a period that witnessed the beginnings of the regional identities that took deep roots in course of time. This formative period requires a. The theory of the emergence of feudalism in the post-Gupta period is disputed on the ground that—. (I) All the lands were not given in land grants;; (II) Private.


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At one time the ruler of Post gupta period wasconstrained not to detain a Chinese pilgrim against the will of his mighty ally. The ruller of Kashmir, Sind, Sallabhi and Kamarupa feared and also respected him.

Post Gupta Period, Gupta Age

Sasanka was forced a withdraw, leaving Kanauj alone. Even after the defeat in the south, Harsha was the only post gupta period entiled to use music-pace durms. Besides his sense of duty, literacy merits, patronage of scholars and unheard of philanthropy are really remarkable.

And the very fact that the capial of Harsha, Kanauj, post gupta period the eynosure of all the neighbours from to A. Thus, post gupta period dyenying to Harsha what undoubtedly is his, we have to be critical of the wo Boswells who exaggerate the greatness of their Johnson.

Events towards the end of Harsha's reign are described in Chinses sources.

Chapter 8 | Post-Gupta Period I (600AD – 750AD)

An embassy was sent by the Tanj emperor of the dayin and agina in It was on the second occasion that the Chinese abassador found that Harsha had recently died and the throne was usurped by an undeserving the King. Post gupta period Chinese ambassador rushed to Nepal and Assam and raised a force with which he defeated the usurper and he was taken to China as post gupta period prisoner.

The kingdom of Harsha his death, disintegrated rapidly into small states. Yet, the general life of people was a prosperous one. In estimating the social life of people during the Harsha, We have to keep in view the administration of Harsha, for the social life of a people anywhere in olden days, to some extent was influenced by its administrative system.

Hiuen-Tsang attributes commendable administrative vigilance to Harsha - post gupta period tours of inspection throughout his kingdom, and promoted benevolent activities like construction and maintenance of roads, sarais, hospitals, etcl. Hiuen-Tsang states as the government is generous officals requirements are few.

The Post-Gupta Period in Northern India

Families are not registered and individuals are not subject to forced labour contributions the king's tenants pay one-sixth of the products post gupta period the rent.

For offences post gupta period social morality, disloyal and inferior conduct, the punishment ws to cut of the nose, ear, hand, foot or to banish the offender to another country or into wilderness.

Hiuen-Tsnad maintains that as the government was honestly administrated and the people lived on good terms the criminal classes was small.

But Chinese pilgrim about whom special care may have been taken by the government was robbed of his belongings, although he records that according to the laws of the land severe punishments post gupta period inflicted for cirme. Robbery wsa considered to be a post gupta period treason for which the right hand of the robber was amputated.

But it seems that under the influence of Buddhism the severity of punishment was mitigated, and criminals were imprisoned for life.


Talking of political life, in most cases kingshop was hereditary although at times a king was nominated by his predecessor or elected by people or nobels. Nandivarman Pallava post gupta period raised to the throne by the mula prakritis.

The Post-Gupta Period in Northern India

At Thaneshwar the crown was offered to Harsha by a council of nobles headed by Bhandi. Secondly the tradition that the welfare of king depends on the welfare of people was still believed in. Fa-Hien, Hiue-Tsang and Suleiman record that rulers did their best to live up to this anciant maxim.

Fourthly quite a number of important rulers loved post gupta period and patronized the arts. Fitthly, the king was post gupta period important even though has was assisted by Ministers.

Post Gupta Period | EduRev Notes

Manu's post gupta period of council of seven or eight ministers was normally followed Sixthly the chief source of revenue was land-one-sixth of its produce. A post gupta period other taxes were imposed on ports, ferries, etc. Apart from taxation, returns from royal lands, mines etc.

Finally, kingdoms were divided into smaller units for the convenience of administration. And royal armies mostly relied on elephants, infantry and cavalry.