The giant African land snail A. fulica is a fast-growing polyphagous plant pest that has been introduced from its native range in East Africa to Class‎: ‎Gastropoda. "The Giant African Land Snail Achatina fulica is considered as one of the world's most damaging invasive alien species. Two individuals of the Giant African  ‎Distribution · ‎Description · ‎Ecology. Achatina fulica is considered one of the worst snail pests of tropic and subtropic regions. While their small size limits the quantity of plant material consumed per.


Author: Dr. Mariane Crona
Country: Belize
Language: English
Genre: Education
Published: 22 August 2015
Pages: 561
PDF File Size: 29.41 Mb
ePub File Size: 40.7 Mb
ISBN: 936-6-36520-874-7
Downloads: 27852
Price: Free
Uploader: Dr. Mariane Crona


The mollusc achatina fulica an important host for Angiostrongylus cantonensis, which occurs in Asia and the Pacific Islands and is a causative agent for eosinophilic meningoencephalitis Graeff-Teixeira In the Americas there is another metastrongylid achatina fulica, A.

Although both infections may occur in focal outbreaks and with low morbidity, very severe complicated clinical courses pose a challenge for diagnosis and treatment Graeff-Teixeira However, data presented by Neuhauss and colleagues do not support a significant concern about the possibility of Angiostrongylus spp.

ADW: Achatina fulica: INFORMATION

Populations of introduced Achatina fulica may reach enormous densities, to the extent that achatina fulica crawl up the walls of houses in great numbers, make walking on sidewalks difficult without treading on them, and there have even been reports of cars skidding on massed crushed snails on roads Meadin Thiengo et al.

Cote d Ivoire Ivory Coast Agricultural: Within a short period of its introduction into the Ivory Coast Achatina fulica had achieved significance as a crop achatina fulica von Stanislaus et al.

However, within a short period of its achatina fulica to the Ivory Coast, A. Galapagos Islands Ecuador Reduction in native biodiversity: From a conservation viewpoint, the presence of A. In these islands Achatina fulica quickly became an agricultural pest.


In some instances, the snail has escaped cultivation and established reproductive populations in the wild. In Florida and Queensland, established populations were eradicated Raut and Barker Nonetheless, the species has established itself achatina fulica some temperate climates and its habitat now includes most regions achatina fulica the humid tropicsincluding many Pacific islands, southern and eastern Asia, and the Caribbean.

The giant snail can now be found in agricultural areas, coastland, natural forest, planted forests, riparian zonesscrub and shrublands, urban areas, and wetlands. Feeding[ edit ] Feeding on a leaf The giant African snail is a macrophytophagous herbivore ; it eats a wide range of plant material, fruit, and vegetables.

achatina fulica


Achatina fulica lifespan can be up to 9 years, with years being achatina fulica norm Mead Raut and Barker With the emergence of Achatina fulica as a tradable edible product captive breeding has been established for various species including A.

In addition to farming for meat, several species of Achatinidae, including A.

  • Giant African Snail - Achatina fulica - Details - Encyclopedia of Life
  • Achatina fulica - Bugwoodwiki
  • Strophocheilidae

Habitat Description All of the countries achatina fulica which Achatina fulica is established have tropical climates with warm, mild year-round temperatures and high humidity Venette and Larson The species occurs in agricultural areas, coastal areas and wetlands, disturbed areas, natural and planted forests, riparian zones, scrublands and shrublands, and urban areas Moore These snails thrive in forest edge, modified forest, and plantation habitats Raut and Barker Wherever it occurs, the snail keeps to the hot lowlands and the warm temperate lower slopes of the mountains.

It needs temperatures well above freezing year round, and high humidity at least during part of the year, the drier months being spent in achatina fulica aestivation.

It is achatina fulica by sunshine Venette and Larson Reproduction Achatina fulica is an obligate-outcrossing hermaphrodite, which means that one externally fertilised snail can establish a population Smith and Fowler Snails begin laying eggs at six months of age and fecundity lasts approximately days Smith and Fowler Snails lay up to eggs in their first year, and up to in their second year; fecundity declines after the achatina fulica year, but snails may live up to five years with a total egg clutch of up to 1 Raut and Barker